The Foundation for Fundamental Research (FFR) was established by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Belarus in May, 1991 in order to strengthen financial support of fundamental and exploratory research in areas of natural and technical sciences and humanities, conducted by scientific organizations, higher education institutions and individual scientists within priority directions of such research.
 
In 1996 by the Decree of the Government FFR was renamed to the Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research (BRFFR), new Statute of the Foundation was adopted as well as membership of the Scientific Council and Trusteeship Council was approved. The Foundation was granted with additional rights and new opportunities for stimulation and support of fundamental research in Belarus.
 
After incorporation of the Foundation into the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus the Statute of the Foundation was approved by the Resolution of the Presidium of the NAS of Belarus 57 dated 20 August, 2004.
 
In 1999 the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus adopted a resolution "On some issues of the Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research" in which a new membership of the Scientific Council (Chairman - Academician Alexander S. Rubanov) and the Trusteeship Council (Chairman Anatoly I. Sverzh, Deputy Minister of Finances) was approved.
 
By the decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus dated 5th of March, 2002 the Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research was incorporated into the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB) with rights of a legal entity. The new Statute of the Foundation with amendments and additions was approved by the Resolution of the NASB Presidium No. 57 dated 20 August, 2004.
 
As far as the terms of the Scientific and Trusteeship Councils of the Foundation had expired new membership of the respective councils was approved by the resolutions of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus No. 1172 dated 21st of September, 2004 and No. 1528 dated 1st of December, 2004 (Chairman of the Scientific Council - Academician Valentin A. Orlovich, Deputy chairmen - Rector of the Belarusian State University of Transport Veniamin I. Senko and director of the Scientific and Production Republican Unitary Enterprise "KBTEM-OMO" Vladimir I. Matyushkov; Chairman of the Trusteeship Council Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Academician Anatoly I. Leshnikovich, Deputy chairman - First Deputy Minister of Finances of the Republic of Belarus Anatoly I. Sverzh).
 
By the resolution of the Council of Ministers No. 549 dated 14th of April, 2008 the following amendments were introduced to the membership of the Councils - head of the department of the Belarusian National Technical University Yury M. Pleskachevsky and Deputy General Scientific Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Vladimir A.Tarasevich were appointed deputies of Valentin A.Orlovich.
 
The last time membership of the Scientific and Trusteeship Council was modified by the resolution of the Council of Ministers No. 1305 dated 29th of September, 2011. Chairman of the Presidium of the Gomel Branch of NASB Yuri M. Pleskachevsky and General Scientific Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Sergei A. Chizhik were appointed Deputy chairmen of the Scientific Council of the Foundation, Academician Nikolay S. Kazak, Deputy Chairman of the Commission on Education, Culture, Science and Technological Progress of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus was appointed Chairman of the Trusteeship Council. Deputy Minister of Finances Vyacheslav A. Vasilenko became his deputy.
 
The main goal of creation of the Foundation was to strengthen traditional system of support of science (basic financing) by the system of grants awarded on the competitive basis in the priority research areas. Unlike the basic financing, aimed at funding ongoing work of scientific organizations, competitive financing supports specific promising research teams.
 
The following tasks and functions of the Foundation are defined by its Statute:
- financing of short-term fundamental and exploratory research projects in priority scientific areas;
- support of talented young scientists;
- financing of joint projects with foreign partners;
- financial support for publishing of monographs and other sources of scientific information based on the results of conducted fundamental research.
- financial support for organization of symposiums, conferences and other scientific events in the Republic of Belarus, aimed at developing of fundamental and exploratory research, as well as financial aid to research fellows for participation in scientific events abroad.
 
BRFFR supports research projects, aimed at obtaining new scientific knowledge on nature, the man and society in the following areas of knowledge:
 - physical and mathematical sciences,
- technical sciences,
- chemical sciences and Earth sciences,
- biological and medical sciences,
- agrarian sciences,
- humanitarian sciences.
 
All types of financial support are realized by the Foundation on the competitive basis regardless of age (except target calls for young scientists aged below 35), academic degree or position of the scientist as well as department affiliation of the scientific organization he works in.
 
Decisions on financing of projects are taken on the basis of the peer review process, conducted by independent experts and expert councils. Expert councils are composed of the most renowned scientists in their sphere of expertise.
 
One of the important principles of the Foundations work is the principle of openness. All calls, conditions of their realization and results are published in the press. Calls are opened on the annual basis (except joint calls with the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research, realized biennially). The Foundation strives to use allocated funds mainly for the research itself, limiting the indirect costs to 20%.
 
Members of the Council of the Foundation and the Trusteeship Council are recommended not to participate in the calls in the capacity of project leaders. Information about evaluation process, including evaluation papers on projects, is confidential and cannot be provided to applicants and third parties. The results of the call are announced to the applicants within a month after its termination. The list of approved projects is published in the magazine Bulletin of the Foundation for Fundamental Research and on the web-site of the Foundation.
Abstracts of the completed projects are published in the Annual Volume of the Foundation Main Results of the Fundamental and Exploratory Research and Suggestions on Perspectives of their Application.
2012
Last Update: 06/07/2012